Victorian Football Association (VFA):

Premiers (2): 1902, 1905
Runners-up (3): 1901, 1903-04.

Australian Football League (AFL):

Premierships (10): 1920-21, 1932, 1934, 1943, 1967, 1969, 1973-74, 1980
Grand Finals (22): 1919-21, 1924, 1927-29, 1931-34, 1940, 1942-44, 1967, 1969, 1972-74,
                               1980, 1982
Minor Premiers (8): 1920, 1933-34, 1943-44, 1967, 1974, 1982
Finals Appearances (34): 1916, 1919-1921, 1924, 1927-35, 1937, 1939-44, 1947, 1967, 1969,
                                        1971-75, 1977, 1980, 1982, 1995, 2001

Preseason Cup Competition:

Premiers (1): 1962
Grand Finals (5): 1962-63, 1983, 1993, 2002


In The Beginning 1885-1907

Formed on February 20th, 1885 at a public meeting at the Royal Hotel, Richmond adopted an all-blue guernsey paired with a yellow and black striped cap. Richmond's first VFA match was a defeat to Williamstown. In 1888 Richmond adopted a yellow and black striped guernsey.

By 1890 clubs were having to fight off poaching attempts by opposition clubs, betting on matches was big business, and there were allegations of match-fixing financed by bookmakers. Geelong and Essendon met in defiance of the VFA, and proposed a two division league. By 1891 professionalism had entered the game and Richmond's insistence on remaining amateur cost it a number of players.

1892 saw Richmond introduce a tactical innovation which involved playing through the center and long kicking. This was a departure from intricate passing and criss-crossing from flank to flank, the 'short route' as it was called was attacked by critics. In 1894 Essendon wanted to form a breakaway league, and the MCC, Geelong and Fitzroy were in favour. A Collingwood - Richmond merger was proposed but rejected.

Richmond finished last in 1896 for the first time in their history and at one stage called off a game at half-time believing they couldn't win. In 1897 the inevitable split happened as Essendon, Geelong, MCC (Melbourne), Collingwood, South Melbourne and Fitzroy split from the VFA. They invited Carlton to join them mainly because the Melbourne City Council agreed to provide a ground (Princess Park). The final choice was between North and Richmond but the new league chose St Kilda to add geographical balance. Richmond's poor previous season had cost them dearly.

Richmond struggled in the VFA, particularly against Port Melbourne which regularly bashed opposition players, in 1900 two Richmond officials were bashed by Port supporters and crowd violence was common. As a result Richmond and Port played the first game at which mounted police were on duty. In 1901 Richmond finished second to Port but in 1902 Richmond won their first flag, surpassing arch-rivals Port Melbourne. The teams had been destined to finish equal on top of the ladder necessitating a play-off game. Such a game was eagerly anticipated but failed to eventuate when Port unexepectadly lost to Williamstown. The VFA realising they were missing out on a huge pay day resolved that in future there would be a four team finals series. Richmond were runners up in 1903 after a grand final that was a blood bath with 8 Richmond players falling victim to North Melbourne's physical approach.

In 1904 Richmond again made the grand final but controversy ensued. Earlier in the year when Richmond and North had first met, Richmond had complained that North players had worn illegal spikes in their boots in earlier games. Richmond had called on umpire Allen to inspect North's boots, North refused him permission and umpire Allen didn't press the issue. As a result the Richmond board wrote to the VFA insisting that umpire Allen not be chosen to officiate the grand final. The VFA appointed Allen, Richmond refused to play and North were declared premiers by default.

In 1905 Richmond won the premiership despite being the outcasts of the VFA. During this year Richmond had beaten North Melbourne who had in turn beaten the umpire. In 1906 they were third, and in 1907 had no friends in the VFA. Richmond's habit of playing practice matches against VFL clubs had infuriated the VFA and they issued a ban on such games, which Richmond defied. The VFA did not act on their threat to expel Richmond knowing that Richmond would be accepted immediately into the VFL and the VFA would lose its highest drawing club.

The Early VFL Years 1908-1930

On October 22 1907, Richmond applied to join the VFL, and on October 31st, Richmond accepted the VFL's invitation. Between 1908 and 1912 the club endured board room battles before a reform team finally won control of the club. It had become clear that Richmond had exchanged a place of pre-eminance in the VFA for one of obscurity in the VFL. With 1919 and the end of World War I, Richmond gained the services of rover 'Checker' Hughes, and Richmond made their first grand final losing to Collingwood. Danny Minogue lead Richmond to premierships in 1920 and 1921; Richmond had established themselves as a footballing power.

Poor seasons in 1922 and 1923 as the club aged and the hunger waned, leading to another board room revolution, which saw Percy Page elected as secretary. 1924 saw Richmond again involved in history books with their part in the VFL's ridiculous finals series. Richmond made the finals and beat South Melbourne by 28 points, lost to Fitzroy by 20 points and due to percentage counting in the finals Richmond then met Essendon having to win by 39 points. Richmond won by 20 points and Essendon were declared premiers. The VFL was a laughing stock with the media declaring Richmond the rightful premiers. Thereafter Richmond lost captain Dan Minogue and other key players and had many injuries and the new coach Mel Morris was not a success. He was replaced for the 1927 season by the great Frank 'Checker' Hughes. The arrival of Hughes and Percy Page's recruiting skills spurred Richmond to a grand final against Collingwood. A semi-final between the two had attracted 64,000, but the weather was so adverse that only 34,000 made it to the grand-final. The rain was so heavy that both clubs and most of the media wanted the game called off, but the VFL insisted. Collingwood won when their coach Jock McHale instructed his players to play soccer and not attempt to pick up the ball.

1928 and Richmond were the team to beat despite Collingwood being at the peak of their powers. Richmond drew 66,000 to their semi-final win over Carlton and sat back to watch the Collingwood and Melbourne play for the right to meet Richmond. They played a draw and the replay was held a week later. By the time the grand-final came around Richmond had been three weeks without football and lost to Collingwood. More people had seen Richmond's semi-final than the grand final for the second year in a row. Collingwood only lost one game in 1929, to Richmond in the semi-final, Richmond's third grand final loss in a row. 1929 saw Richmond lose 9 players to rivals and retirements. In 1930 Richmond were unfortunate to run into Collingwood in the semi-final and lost by 3 points.

The VFL decided to change the finals system to one championed by Richmond's Percy Page. The previous system meant that the minor premier had a right to play in the grand final regardless of whether they won a final. The new system meant that the minor premier had to win its way into the grand final. This was partly in response to the public disregard for the grand final which regularly drew smaller crowds than the semi-finals.

Jack Dyer - Captain Blood 1931-1949

1931 saw the recruitment of the 16 year old Jack Dyer who played 6 games as part of his development. With a fairer final system Richmond went into the 1931 grand final as favourite, but finished runners-up to Geelong. They had finished runners-up five times in the previous eight seasons. After the 1932 premiership Percy Page and Checker Hughes left Richmond for Melbourne where they turned the Fushias into the Demons and sacked 13 players. By 1933 Richmond were runners-up again this time to South Melbourne. The 1934 premiership was added to the trophy case and in 1935 Richmond were third. The loss of the Page-Hughes pairing had seen Richmond's recruiting efforts fall away badly and a period of decline loomed. In 1936 Richmond were the highest crowd-drawing team in Australian sport but missed the finals for the first time since 1927.

1937 saw another semi-final loss. In 1940 Jack Dyer's father Ben, a committeeman who wanted coach Percy Bentley replaced and his son Jack named captain, was disposed in an election. Jack Dyer stood out of football for a brief time before returning to the club. The 1940 Grand Final was against the Page-Hughes led Melbourne. Richmond lost largely due to Hughes' tactics when O'Keefe tagged Dyer out of the game, Norm Smith, as opposed to his normal leading style, played close to fullback Smeaton whose trademark punch-aways were gathered by specially placed rovers. Hughes also had his team crowd Kevin O'Neill on to his wrong foot and Melbourne's ruckmen played wide of Dyer. Percy Bentley was widely criticised for not reacting to Hughes' tactics, and when he asked for a pay rise from $14 to $15 he was sacked, Jack Dyer taking over. Bentley had been a good tactician as a coach and is credited for developing the technique of playing the resting ruckman as a forward, with the full forward leading out and the ruckman dropping back to mark long kicks in the square. The loss of Page and Hughes had been the making of Melbourne, and the loss of Bentley was the making of Carlton. He coached them for 15 years and served on the committee and as a selector, when he died in 1982 he was vice-president.

Dyer led Richmond to a semi-final loss in 1941, and in 1942 lost the grand final. Richmond gained vengeance in the 1943 grand-final when Dyer assigned Max Oppy to tag the great Dick Reynolds. Oppy and Reynolds were cousins but Oppy did what he was asked and restricted Reynolds. Richmond lost to Fitzroy in the 1944 grand final. 1947 saw another semi-final loss. As Jack Dyer entered his final year as a player in 1949, the Richmond recruiters new they needed to find a replacement. They boasted that they had found a good young player at Hastings and that he would be at least the equal of Dyer. An Essendon committeeman overheard them, and Essendon signed John Coleman.

Jack Dyer is the heart and soul of Richmond. He played in a very successful period, through the depression era when sport was one of the few pleasures available to average folk, through the second World War as a Japanese invasion threatened. He was regarded as the best big man to ever have played the game and was as rugged, ferocious and tough as any player before or since. He was born in Richmond played his junior football there, was playing state football for Victoria at 17 and served as captain and coach. He was a league games record holder. He achieved all this despite suffering from gastric ulcers since he was 16, which led him to frequently vomiting at half time and before matches. He was plagued by injuries, including back and knee injuries which could have been career threatening but yet he played on. He served on the committee and as vice-president, and was a corner stone of the Save Our Skins campaign in 1990.

The Lean Years 1950-65

The retirement of Jack Dyer as a player had a devastating effect on Richmond. Jack Dyer's three years as non-playing coach were not a success, even though he taught his players a revolutionary kicking style, the drop punt, which he had developed to kick for goal. In time it was to replace the drop kick and the stab pass. Dyer, after his retirement, was replaced by his assistant, ex-Collingwood man Alby Pannam who had had success with the reserves. In 1956 Jack Dyer returned to Richmond as vice-president and his great ally Max Oppy was appointed coach. The Richmond policy was to appoint coaches on a yearly basis and after Oppy resigned and Richmond appointed ex-player and successful Bendigo league coach Alan McDonald. McDonald allthough he didn't lead the team to the finals did well enough for the club to change its policy and he was appointed for three years.

Club secretary Maurie Fleming had retired in 1955, and president Harry Dyke retired in 1958 after 18 years. Both men played key roles in Richmond's success. Fleming came out of retirement to replace Dyke. In 1960 Richmond faded badly to win the wooden spoon, and inevitably McDonald resigned and returned to Bendigo. Des Rowe, a six-season captain, was appointed as coach and Graeme Richmond as coach of the under-19s. In 1961, recognising his talents, Graeme Richmond was appointed as secretary. The first thing Graeme Richmond did was to only play players in the under-19s who could hope to go on to senior football as opposed to the best group of under age players. Kevin Bartlett won the best and fairest in the fourths, and in 1962 won the under-19s best and fairest. In 1963 Des Rowe resigned as did president Maurie Fleming. He was replaced by Ray Dunn a wealthy and talented lawyer who provided a great deal of direct and indirect investment in the club.

Richmond was seeking to return to its traditional recipe for success. The Richmond-Dunn combination echoed the Page-Hughes and Dyke-Fleming-Dyer combinations. Richmond needed a talented coach to complete the team. They appointed the great Len Smith, older brother of Norm Smith. Smith was rated by his brother and most other judges as the greatest football mind in history, and the man widely regarded as the father of modern football. He had had a significant influence on his brother Norm and on Norm's foster son Ron Barassi. Ray 'Slug' Jordan, perhaps the best junior coach ever, was appointed to coach the juniors and a major recruiting drive was launched. There was an acknowledgement that it would take time for Richmond to adjust to Smith's style. He refused to play the mark and kick game and insisted on a flowing run-on type of football. Smith, however, had a heart attack and Jack Titus and Dick Harris were brought in as assistants.

Ray Dunn and Graeme Richmond orchestrated Richmond's move away from the Punt Rd oval to the MCG in 1965. The move was a great success. Smith had loaded the list with six-footers who had pace and could kick, and after his second heart attack before round 4 in 1965, Jack Titus took over. Titus pledged to continue with Smith's plans and to consult the master coach throughout the season. Richmond finished fifth and looked destined to be entering another successful period. Richmond had to chose a new coach to replace caretaker Titus. They had been following the progress of a number of ex-players and narrowed the choice to Ron Branton or Tom Hafey. Hafey was chosen and he continued the ideas of Len Smith who served on the match committee. The 17 year old Royce Hart was added to the list and Richmond were poised for a return to their glory days.

Glory Days 1966-1982

Tom Hafey's first year saw Richmond enter the final round one win from the top and one loss away from missing the finals. They missed the finals. Len Smith died in 1967. The VFL introduced the zoning system in this year which was opposed by Richmond and which would prove, over time, to be a poor system. Richmond had recruited well up until this point and made the finals for the first time since 1944. Despite having no players with finals experience Richmond defeated Geelong in the grand final, and Len Smith's master plan bore its inevitable reward. In 1968 complacency set in and Graeme Richmond retired to be replaced by Alan Schwab, allthough he continued to be an influential figure at the club until his death.

In 1969 Richmond was the most popular team in the league and topped the attendances for the fourth successive year. Tom Hafey developed Len Smith's game plan to include long kicking and quick movement of the ball. The 1969 premiership against Carlton was one of Richmond's finest as they went in as underdogs. Richmond went on to thrash South Australians Sturt to win the Australian championship. 1970 was not a success, and in 1971 Bill Barrott was traded for Ian Stewart, and Tony Jewell and John Northey retired. In 1971 Richmond lost a wet weather preliminary final to St Kilda when they had been praying for a firm surface. In 1972 Richmond became the first club to be viewed by a million supporters. The 1972 grand final loss was largely due to the great play of Carlton's Robert Walls, but the 1973 premiership was sweet revenge. In 1973, the under 17s, under 19s, reserves and seniors all won premierships to complete a unique record.

Richmond publically attacked the VFL's zoning regulations and embarked on a recruiting campaign which involved many piracy claims being laid against Richmond although none of the players involved made any impact. North Melbourne enticed Slug Jordan away from the club and Ian Wilson became the new president. Wilson attacked the VFL administration and was censured. Richmond were making many enemies and when a brawl erupted during the half time break against Essendon no one was really surprised. Tom Hafey was moved to declare that it was Richmond against the world and the 1974 premiership brought great satisfaction. 1975 saw Richmond clear Graham Teasdale, Brian Roberts and Francis Jackson for John Pitura which in hindsight was probably the worst trade, by any club, in history. An injury depleted Richmond lost in the 1975 preliminary final to North and faded to 7th in 1976, a game and a half from the finals.

Richmond reacted ruthlessly and forced Tom Hafey to resign. There had long been a suspicion that Hafey although a great coach hadn't achieved all that he could have and that a new coach could win another premiership. Barry Richardson, Hafey's assistant was appointed coach. Club secretary Alan Schwab joined the VFL, and although Patterson took the team to the finals in his first year, in 1978 they fell back to 7th and he was replaced by his assistant Tony Jewell. The team finished 8th in 1979 but Jewell won a premiership in 1980 against the Hafey coached Collingwood. In 1981 the club again faded to sixth and Tony Jewell was under pressure. Francis Bourke had retired and was available to coach and was highly regarded. Bourke, the new coach, had an ageing list to work with and Richmond were unable to recruit replacements because of the restrictions enforced by zoning. Their strategy was to recruit interstate players but very few made any real or sustained impact.

S.O.S. 1983-1991

The 1982 grand final loss was the end of an era. Great players like Bourke himself, Sheedy , Hart etc had been retiring and the list was ageing. At the start of 1983 three ex-captains left the club Raines and Cloke to Collingwood and Walsh to Essendon. After breaking the VFL games record Kevin Bartlett retired at the end of 1983. The team had slipped to 10th and Francis Bourke's disciplined, perfectionist approach was criticised and he accepted the inevitable and resigned, as did Graeme Richmond who had filled a variety of roles since his resignation as secretary. Mike Patterson who had a lot of success as a coach at Norwood was the new coach but he lasted only a year, as the team finished 7th. The 1984 annual report revealed a loss of $224,000 of which $130,000 was legal fees. The poaching wars and the need to recruit high price interstaters to compensate for the inability to find players in zones was causing financial problems for all the Melbourne clubs. The whole period was a time of rampant chequebook recruiting.

Barry Richardson lead a challenge to the board and as part of his victory replaced Patterson with Tasmanian Paul Sproule. The high prices paid for players at this time and the legal battles to gain clearances were crippling clubs. The players Richmond recruited such as Phillip Walsh and John Annear were not successes and the need to continually recruit replacements for poor recruits was draining club resources. A board room deal saw long term treasurer and recruiter Ron Carson deposed. The board turmoils and financial malaise led the VFL to sponsor a suggestion that Richmond should move to Brisbane in 1985. Ian Wilson was deposed by Barry Richardson as president in March 1985. Richmond cleared Brian Taylor and lost Merv Keane and failed to recruit anyone of note. At the end of the season as the club finished 8th Sproule was replaced by Jewell and Patterson resigned the presidency in favour of Bill Durham when he refused his supporters demands to sack Sproule. Richardson was attacked by Jack Dyer for not seeing the job through and abandoning Richmond for Melbourne.

In 1986 there was speculation that despite being the third most supported club in Melbourne the abscence of decent marketing and poor planning had contributed to a debt far greater than the official debt of around $350,000. Alan Bond arrived at the club as president with plans to move the club to Brisbane. Supporter Gary Krauss had saved the club with a large loan, and this loan was used to prop up president Durham who said that this loan was interest free and would be withdrawn if he was challenged. The loan was not interest free. At the end of 1986 board member Andrew Farley announced that Richmond wanted to play 11 games in Brisbane and 11 at the MCG, and that Alan Bond would underwrite it all. Kevin Bartlett led a stinging attack on the board, and supporters rallied to save the club. Graeme Richmond said the club should move lock, stock and barrel to Brisbane. The move was fought off but the club incurred a loss of $460,000 that year. The 1987 season saw the resignation of Alan Bond and his replacement by Neville Crowe. The introduction of the Brisbane Bears removed the threat of the board relocating the club north.

In 1987 Tony Jewell led Richmond to the bottom of the ladder, and the media reported that the board were considering a move to Adelaide or Tasmania, and ex-President Ian Wilson called for the board to be replaced. Wilson had kept his silence but finally hit out at the Durham group who had replaced him. He called on President Neville Crowe to look at those around him and to make changes. The board considered listing on the stock exchange and removing the membership nature of the club. Richmond was in dreadful shape and rumours abounded about mergers and relocations. It was revealed that Crowe was second choice after failing to get a corporate leader and board members Finley and Robertson were Bond men. There were 16 litigation cases against the club and 2 wind up orders, the club survived due to a $250,000 contribution from Alan Bond.

The recruitment of Kevin Bartlett as coach was as much an attempt to unite the Richmond support as it was an attempt to secure a coach. Bartlett adopted a youth policy and started the long climb back to the top. The club reported a profit in 1989 but the debt stood at over $1.5 million and servicing this debt was crippling. The debt meant that the club couldn't recruit the best credentialed players and had to turn to kids from country Victoria. The draft system which had replaced the zoning system although intended to make the teams more even was actually working to help those clubs which had a pre-exisiting core of senior players at the expense of teams like Richmond which had to build from scratch. A 10th place finish in 1988 was Bartlett's best effort and by 1991 they were in 13th.

In 1989 the VFL had orchestrated a Fitzroy takeover of Footscray, and in response to this Footscray fans raised $1.5 million and reversed the merger, effectively condemning Fitzroy to a slow death. A VFL supported scheme for Richmond and St Kilda to merge was publicly mooted and Neville Crowe rejected it forcefully. Richmond launched a fund raising campaign to reduce its debt. Membership increased in 1990 and allthough the club was making profits servicing the debt was holding the club back. On August 15 1990, the Save Our Skins campaign was launched with the aim of raising $1 million by October 31. The debt and the closure of the social club due to breeches of liquor licensing laws were draining the club financially. The club's wages bill was $450,000 below the salary cap. Membership had been allowed to fall from 12,000 in 1980 to 7,000 in 1990. The money was successfully raised as supporters rallied.

Richmond's chief administrator between 1981-86, Kevin Dixon, blamed the poor record on interference by Graeme Richmond who had forced him to recruit players he otherwise wouldn't have. Richmond's recruiting at this time was ridiculous. Its list of purchases included, Terry Wallace $175,000 (11 games), Phillip Walsh $110,000 (40 games), Daryl Suton $80,000 (6 games), Andrew Cross $20,000 (1 game), Peter McCormack $20,000 (4 games), Gary Frangalas $100,000 (17 games), Michael Roberts $30,000 (12 games), Dennis Collins $80,000 (17 games), John Annear $100,000 (65 games) and Jeff Dunne $20,000 (1 game). The settlement for sacked coach Paul Sproule cost $65,000.

Going 'Round In Circles 1992-Present

The end of Kevin Bartlett's coaching stint was very controversial. He had been a large part of the campaign to save the club and no one disputed that he had had very little talent to work with. In the end the board decided that if Allan Jeans was interested then he would have the job, whereas if he didn't accept then Bartlett would continue. Graeme Richmond orchestrated the recruitment of Jeans and a very bitter Kevin Bartlett left. Alan Jeans coached for only one year before illness caused him to step down. John Northey who had been successful at Melbourne was his replacement and people openly talked of a Smith-Hafey like dawn. John Northey's first season was poor as the team fell to 14th. In 1994 they recovered to just miss the finals before making the finals in 1995 for the first time since 1982.

With Neville Crowe standing down in favour of Leon Daphne as president, and the recruitment of experienced coach Robert Walls to replace John Northey, who preferred Brisbane, Richmond seemed to be at the beginning of a new era.  However Walls proved to be a disastrous appointment.  Walls was replaced by his assistant, Jeff Gieschen, after round 17 1997.

Although winning 4 out of the last 5 games of the 1997 season and 9 out of the first 15 games of 1998, Richmond under Gieshen faltered to just miss the finals (9th) in that same year and a disappointing 13th in 1999. During 1999, rumors of senior players losing confidence in Gieschen and his imminent sacking surfaced. This lead president Leon Daphne to state publicly that if Gieschen went he would follow. With plans to replace Gieschen with former Richmond premiership player and current long-term Essendon coach, Kevin Sheedy, under a deal of $1 million a year for five years, Gieschen resigned before the last game of 1999. Leon Daphne followed him and Clinton Casey was elected president. A boardroom reshuffle followed. Although Richmond had made 10 consecutive profits and reached nearly 30,000 members the lack of on-field success had tolled.

With Kevin Sheedy deciding to stay on at Essendon, the new board had to find a new coach for the season 2000. After a number of potential coaches rejected offers from Richmond, the board decided on former St. Kilda champion full back and their longest serving captain, Danny Frawley. With the club pumping in a significant amount of money into a strong coaching panel under Frawley, Frawley instituted a strict discipline policy on the player group. Two senior players were suspended for a week each for off-field incidents. The pressure of on-field success was placed squarely on the player group's shoulders. The players and supporters could no longer blame the coach for poor performances as in past years. This seemed to spark Richmond, winning 8 out of 10 games between rounds 5 and 14 even with many of its star players missing. However the ever increasing injury list (up to half the players out of a list of 38 were injured at once) eventually took its toll and Richmond once again finished ninth for the fourth time in seven years and missed the finals.

With virtually a full compliment of its playing list, 2001 appeared to be a turning point for the club making the finals for the first time in six years and only for the second time since 1982. Richmond finished third losing the preliminary final to eventual premiers Brisbane at the Gabba. However, history was to repeat itself, and Richmond performed poorly in the next two seasons finishing in the bottom four. As in previous years, great pressure from supporters and members was brought onto the Club to sack Frawley. The Club stood firm however. At the beginning of 2003, Greg Miller, who had had great success as a recruiter and overseer at North Melbourne during the 1990's, joined Richmond and was given the task of "Football Director". At the end of 2003, one third of the playing list was axed and a number of young kids were drafted in their place.

2004 will be an interesting year at Tigerland as a porthole onto where Richmond will head in the near future.

One-Eyed Richmond
Copyright © 2004.